Islam, the world’s second-largest religion after Christianity, boasts about 1.8 billion followers globally. As an Abrahamic monotheistic faith, it worships Allah. Founded in the 7th century in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, by the Prophet Muhammad, Islam has since spread widely, especially in regions like the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia.
Born in 570 A.D. in Mecca, Muhammad received revelations from the angel Gabriel. He began preaching these messages around 613, emphasizing monotheism.
In 622, Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, an event termed “Hijra.” After his death in 632, leadership transitioned to the caliphs. The first was Abu Bakr, followed by Caliph Umar and others.
The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, contains divine revelations given to Muhammad. Comprising 114 chapters (surahs), it’s viewed as God’s final word.
Fundamental practices for Muslims include:
Sharia provides guidelines on living an Islamic life, encompassing everything from dressing modestly to moral principles.
Mosques, established following principles from 622 A.D., serve as centers for prayer and community. Key Muslim holidays are Eid al-Adha, celebrating Abraham’s sacrifice, and Eid al-Fitr, marking Ramadan’s end.